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30 Columbia phonograph cylinders in boxes with matching lids 1902-08 - $300 (Chilliwack)

12345678
51075 falls court

condition: excellent
delivery available
make / manufacturer: Columbia
model name / number: gold-moulded black wax cylinders

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In a Nutshell
20 of the 30 belong to the 30000 XP series, made between 1902 and 1908, crisp audio can be heard when playing them on a Columbia Peerless graphophone

Introduction:
First cylinders were made from brown wax one by one, and an artist had to sing or play as many times as there were records to be made. Later cylinders were acoustically dubbed or pantographed from master cylinders. In 1902 the "Gold-Moulded" process was developed: a metal mould was copied from a wax master, a blank made from black wax-like metallic soap was inserted and heated to expand. Today these early wax cylinders get very rare, brown and black ones getting attacked by mold fungus, and black ones being prone to crack under mechanical or temperature stress. Don't take a spot light to take pictures of a record - I killed some this way. Always pack them in their original felt-padded boxes.
The Gold-Moulded series between 1902 and 1912 from both, Edison and Columbia, feature popular songs, instrumental pieces, and vaudeville routines of the day, the stars were Ada Jones, Billy Murray, Len Spencer, Henry Burr, Bob Roberts, Arthur Collins, Byron Harlan, Cal Stewart, some also singing together in various duos and quartets, e.g. the Edison, Columbia, Peerless and Haydn Quartettes. Instrumentalists were the banjo players Frank Stanley (aka William S. Grinsted), Fred van Eps and Vess Ossman, violinist Charles d'Almaine, cornetists Bohumir Kryl and Herbert Clarke and bands such as the Edison Military Band and the Peerless Orchestra. Most of the biographies and discographies of these artists can be found on wikipedia and/or answers.com and on Tim Gracyk's website (ref.1). Almost all of the tunes are publicly available as .mp3 files, mostly under the umbrella of the "Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project" at the University of California in Santa Barbara (ref.2, search by Keyword with cylinder number from table below).


Additional documentation:
ref. 1: gracyk.com/
ref. 2: cylinders.library.ucsb.edu
ref. 3: radio-antiks.com
ref. 4: https://youtu.be/CJu8DO2jvKo

Condition and playability:
Here are 30 Columbia 2-minute black wax cylinders in boxes with (mostly) matching lids. The records were bought from a collector's estate here in Vancouver. They all are in felt-lined Columbia boxes with lid, 3 boxes are empty. The visual appearance is excellent, the musical experience of the records depends strongly on the phonograph, you play them on. It is widely reported that visual and audio tests are only weakly correlated, each one being able to score a victory. The most critical parts are the reproducer and the horn. In order to cause the least of wear for the records I played them with early Columbia 2-minute-only machines, a 1903 Type Q "Mignon" open works graphophone with floating reproducer and 10" funnel horn and a 1906 model BF "Peerless" 20th century with Lyric T-3 reproducer and a 21" Searchlight horn. A youtube video (ref.4) was taken to show typical playbacks of these cylinders with the Peerless. As expected not only the volume but also the bass response are substantially enhanced for the larger machine. Both machines are for sale too. Here is the cylinder list with my grading (see table below). A detailed documentation with more pictures and a youtube video are on my website radio-antiks.com.

w = lid with hand-written number
p = lid with matching printed title and/or number
n = a little background noise
N = substantial background noise or distortion
* = audio totally distorted, only for display
b = three boxes only with no record
c = not audible chip and scratch

Please e-mail me (Kris) for any questions, ich spreche Deutsch, je parle Fran├žais. Or make me an offer.

List of Columbia 2-minute Gold-Moulded Black Wax Phonograph Cylinders

No. Cyl.# Title / Artist / Comm. Year
01 01638 Marching Through Georgia / Gilmore's Band / w 1902
02 02815 She Was Bred In Old Kentucky (Cornet) / Mssrs. Clark & Morgan / wn 1902
03 05618 The Old Sexton / J. W. Myers / w 1902
04 05845 Asleep In The Deep / J. W. Myers / w 1902
05 09070 I'd Leave My Happy Home For You / Columbia Male Quartette / w 1902
06 13010 Old Folks At Home, Imperial Minstrels / Roger Harding & Steve Porter / w 1899
07 15014 The Nightingale And The Frogs (piccolo solo) / Columbia Orchestra / wN* 1902
08 15229 Dewey's Return - Descriptive / Columbia Orchestra / w 1902
09 23509 Old Folks At Home (Piccolo Solo) / George Schweinfest / p 1902
10 31582 Reuben Haskins From Skowhegan / Len Spencer / pb 1902

11 31634 Con Clancy's Christening / Len Spencer / w 1902
12 31648 The Birds And The Brook / Columbia Orchestra / p 1902
13 32045F I'm Wearing My Heart Away From You / George J. Gaskin / pb 1903
14 32236 St. Patrick's Day at Clancy's / Columbia Quartette / w 1903
15 32241 Medley Of Plantation Songs / Columbia Male Quartette / w 1903
16 32363 Navajo (Van Alstyne) / Harry Tally / pn 1904
17 32367 Plain Mamie O'Hooley / Billy Murray / w 1904
18 32379 Happy Days / George Alexander / w 1904
19 32463 Where Thou Art (Mendelssohn-Bartholdy) / Harry Macdonough / w 1904
20 32471 For Sale, A Baby / Byron Harlan / wc 1904

21 32513 Sweetest Girl In Dixie / Harry Macdonough / p 1904
22 32537 A Dream Of Paradise / George Alexander / w 1904
23 32605 You Must Think I'm Santa Claus / Bob Roberts / p 1905
24 32763 The Birds (Soprano) / Emmett Minnie / wN 1905
25 32871 I'm A Dreamin' Of You / Arthur Collins & Byron Harlan / w 1905
26 32930 Woodland Songsters / Prince's Orchestra / pb 1906
27 33108 From Greenland's Icy Mountains (sacred) / Charles Gordon / p 1907
28 33207 The Vagabonds Roger And I (Descriptive) / Len Spencer and Gilbert Girard /p 1904
29 33289 Love Me Just Because From A Stubborn Cinderella / Harry Tally / pN 1908
30 E200870 Reconnaissance March (Great Britain) / Band of H.M. Coldstream Guards / w 1902

w = lid with hand-written number, p = lid with matching printed title and/or number, n = a little backgroud noise, N = substantial background noise or distortion, * = audio totally distorted, only for display, b = three boxes only with no record, c = not audible chip and scratch










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